Common Conditions

We have included some basic information about your feet. However, please note, the following information is for general purposes only. Specific questions or concerns should always be directed to your health care provider, who will decide how it is best to manage or treat your condition.

Ingrown Toenails

About
An ingrown toenail is the result of a nail growing into the skin that surrounds it, at the edge of the toe.

Causes
Ingrown nails are caused by improper trimming, pressure, injury or trauma, fungal or other infections, or inherited nail deformities.

Symptoms
Ingrown nails can become thick and deformed and may cause pain at the tip of the toe or all the way to the base of the toe. The pain is often worse in closed-toe shoes and while walking. An ingrown nail may also lead to infection or inflammation, if not treated. If the nail is infected, the surrounding skin may be red and you may see drainage or pus.

Treatment
If the nail is not infected, thick nails may be cut, where a professional trims the corner of the nail to help relieve your symptoms. For a partially ingrown nail, you may need to have one side of your nail back removed to the cuticle and treat the base of the nail. Severe infections or totally ingrown nails may require antibiotics and temporary or permanent removal of the entire nail by a doctor.

Corns and Calluses

About
Corns and calluses are a thickening of the skin due to friction. They form to protect the skin from friction and pressure.

Causes
Corns and calluses are caused by repeated pressure or friction from rubbing, often from footwear.

Symptoms
Thickened or hardened areas of the skin, which can be painful while walking or from shoe pressure. Redness and swelling can often be seen surrounding the irritated areas.

Treatment
Shoes with extra toe space can help relieve pressure. Padding may also offer relief. Proper orthotics may help to reduce friction and pain while walking. Corns and calluses can be parred, to reduce the size of the callus or corn. Surgery can be performed as a last option to correct the alignment of bone and tendon.

Bunions

About
A bunion is a misaligned big toe. It is a bony bump that forms on the joint, at the side of the big toe or of the little toe.

Causes
Bunions are caused by too much pressure on your big or small toe. They are often hereditary, in that they are the result of foot shape, such as flat foot, or the way that you walk, such as an inward roll of the foot. They can also be caused by wearing shoes that are too tight.

Symptoms
The tissue around the joint may be swollen and red. The toe joint may be stiff and painful. Discomfort is felt when walking and there is increased pain when wearing tight shoes or high heels. Also, the big toe or the small toe, depending on the side that is afflicted, may point toward your other toes.

Treatment
Mild conditions can be managed by wearing comfortable shoes, padding your shoes, or orthotics. Medication may be used to manage joint pain. As a last option, surgery can be performed to realign the bone and the joint.

Diabetic Foot Care

About
Diabetes can cause neuropathy (nerve damage) and can affect feet in several ways: loss of sensation due to decreased blood flow, instability when walking, and ulcers can form and lead to infection or amputation if left untreated.

Causes
Diabetes is caused by your body’s inability to regulate glucose (or sugar) properly.

Symptoms
Neuropathy may initially feel like a numb, tingling or burning sensation in your toes. It can feel very painful, although it will simultaneously feel numb. Also, poor circulation can cause a cramping feeling in the back of your leg when walking.

Treatment
Good maintenance of your diabetes helps to reduce complications that can occur in your feet.